Apologetics Pt 6
The Cosmological Argument
The cosmological argument is a very old argument for God’s existence and has withstood the test of time amazingly well. It goes so far as to show that the universe has a timeless, spaceless, hugely powerful, immaterial, eternal and personal cause to it. It doesn’t quite get us to Christianity, but remember, we’re exploring multiple arguments that together will get us to the God of the Bible.
Remember, this is a deductive argument; if the premises are true, then the conclusion is inescapable. So here goes!
- Everything that begins to exist has a cause
- The universe began to exist
- Therefore, the universe had a cause
This week, we’ll look at very brief explanations of each premise and the conclusion. The next few weeks will be spent exploring them a little more deeply. If you have any questions or comments, go ahead and contribute below!
So, premise (1): Everything that begins to exist has a cause. Simply put, we know this to be true in every area of life. I can simply ask you to imagine something that began to exist without a cause – it’s impossible to do so.
Premise (2): The universe began to exist. Our current model for the way the universe began is the Big Bang. There is lots of evidence for this, including the expansion of the universe, the gamma radiation background (left over from a cosmic explosion) in the universe and more. There are of course other theories out there like String Theory and the Multiverse, some of which would like to suggest the universe is eternal in the past and never had a beginning, but these are easily addressed and ultimately, the truth is that there’s very little evidence for these theories, but rather, it’s easy to see that they are attempts made by people to avoid the absolute beginning of the universe.
And the conclusion (3): Therefore, the universe had a cause. If you agree with (1) and (2), you are logically bound to agree with (3). What is this cause? Well, it must be timeless and spaceless because time and space came into existence at the Big Bang. It must be eternal because only that which begins has to have a cause, therefore the cause for everything else mustn’t have had a beginning. It must be immaterial, because matter itself came into existence at the Big Bang. It must be hugely powerful in order to create the universe. And it must be personal, because choice is implied at the cause of the Big Bang. Why create the universe at that point? Why create the universe at all?
So, in conclusion, we end up with a description of a cause of the universe that gets us very close to God!
Now, there are a few objections people might have for premise (1) and (2), so next time, we’ll look at addressing some of those!