Understanding trafficking in the UK
Hope for Justice helps victims of trafficking who have been tricked or forced into these situations and kept there through violence, fraud or coercion, and often end up living and working in abominable conditions.
Some are beaten and abused; others have threats made against their families in their home countries. Many are forced into fraudulent ‘debt bondage’, with their wages kept by a trafficker to pay non-existent bills for their travel, accommodation or food. They are told they will be deported if they go to the authorities.
Often, the trafficker takes control of a victim’s identity documents (e.g. passport). They accompany them to open a bank account, then take control of its associated bank card and correspondence (this functions both as a simple way for the trafficker to control the victim’s earnings, and a way for them to exert dominance and control by offering occasional small sums of money from what should be the victim’s own money).
Traffickers usually focus on those easiest to exploit, which tends to be people with fewer resources or existing vulnerabilities.
Risk factors: Homelessness; Alcohol or drug addiction; Mental health problems; Learning difficulties; Chaotic home environment; Recent family breakdown; Long-term unemployment; Debts; Criminal convictions; Fearful of deportation or immigration status being discovered by authorities; Physical injuries or disabilities.
Hope for Justice works from more than 30 locations across five continents: in England & Wales, Scotland, the USA, Cambodia, Norway, Ethiopia, Uganda, Zimbabwe, Vietnam and Australia. Its global head office is in Manchester, UK and it has four other locations in the UK: West Yorkshire, the East Midlands, Lancashire and Scotland.
Hope for Justice’s work around the world is split into four core strands:
PREVENTING EXPLOITATION: Outreach teams, self-help groups and community initiatives empower people to protect themselves and their families from predatory traffickers and their recruiters.
RESCUING VICTIMS: Investigators work with police and other agencies to identify victims of modern slavery, build bridges of trust with them and remove them from exploitation.
RESTORING LIVES: Multi-disciplinary Advocacy team provide victim-centred support, including help to access housing, benefits, employment, mental health support and legal assistance. They support survivors through the criminal and civil justice processes to ensure they receive restitution. In the developing world, Hope for Justice runs aftercare and educational facilities, plus outreach and reintegration programmes.
REFORMING SOCIETY: Hope for Justice trains frontline professionals – including police, NHS, homeless shelter staff, NGOs, community groups and many others – to spot the signs of modern slavery and to respond effectively. Hope for Justice also seeks policy change through governments and the media.